The Return of Paganism

Everything Old is New Again

Anthony Costello

G. K. Chesterton summarized the history of religion in a single sentence: “Paganism was the biggest thing in the world, and Christianity was bigger, and everything since has been comparatively small. But it’s just quite possible that paganism could, once again, become a dominant worldview, which Chesterton also warned of in writing, “When men stop believing in God they don’t believe in nothing; they believe in anything.” Due to a number sociological and academic trends, paganism has re-emerged from the shadows. And as many seek to overthrow the Western tradition and return to what was before it––that would be paganism. The paths of today’s utopianism and primitivism both converge in a new or neopaganism, which is critical to see and understand.


About the Author

ANTHONY COSTELLO is an author and theologian. He has a BA in German from the University of Notre Dame, an MA in Apologetics, and MA in Theology from Talbot School of Theology, Biola University, where he was awarded the Baker Book Award for Excellence in Theology in 2018. He has published in journals such as Luther Rice Journal of Christian Studies and the Journal of Christian Legal Thought. He co-authored two chapters in Evidence That Demands a Verdict, has published articles for magazines such as Touchstone, and made online contributions to The Christian Post and Patheos. Anthony is a US Army Veteran, former 82D Airborne paratrooper, and OEF veteran. Currently, he is the president of The Kirkwood Center for Theology and Ethics (kirkwoodcenter.org), a ministry dedicated to helping the local church navigate culture.

Anthony Costello

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